- Understand your business emissions
- Get finance and support
- Actions you can take right now
- Longer term actions
- Indirect emissions
- Share your progress
1) What causes emissions
Direct carbon emissions produced by businesses:
- energy use – electricity and gas for lighting, heating, office equipment and machinery
- general waste – when it is not recycled and ends up at landfill sites
- transport – using petrol or diesel vehicles to deliver services or goods
2) Calculate your emissions
Use a free carbon calculator to work out your business’s carbon footprint. This is measured in tonnes, over a year.
3) Estimate the cost of your emissions
Once you have your carbon footprint, you can calculate how much your emissions are costing you. This will give you an idea of potential savings you can make by taking action.
4) Sign up to the SME climate commitment
Make a climate declaration to show customers you are committed to reducing emissions.
1) Get help and advice
Learn how to run your business in a more environmentally friendly way by hiring a sustainability consultant.
2) Get financial support
1) Save energy at your workplace
Quick low-cost actions include:
- lighting – use LED bulbs for greater efficiency
- heating – put your thermostat on a timer and seal your windows for extra insulation
- office equipment – try to turn off and unplug devices when they’re not being used
2) Change your energy tariff
Switch to a green energy tariff with your energy supplier. This will reduce your reliance on energy produced by fossil fuels.
3) Switch to a smart meter
This will allow you to see and control how much energy you use. Find out more about smart meters.
4) Manage your waste
Recycle waste to prevent it being taken to landfill sites where it takes longer to break down and causes more emissions.
5) Get training in energy efficiency
You can train your team to be aware of energy efficiency in the workplace. Find a sustainability course.
1) Make changes to your workplace
You can take a number of long-term measures to improve energy efficiency at your workplace.
Check planning permissions guidelines before you go ahead with any structural changes.
Improve insulation and windows
You can make long-term savings on energy bills by insulating buildings and replacing old windows.
You might also consider installing renewable sources of energy.
By doing so, you could make significant long-term savings on energy bills.
2) Reduce transport emissions
Over 25% of the UK’s carbon emissions are caused by transport.
If you have employees you could introduce a cycle-to-work initiative or encourage them to take public transport.
If you use a work vehicle, you can reduce emissions by switching over to an electric vehicle (EV). You would be exempt from road tax, congestion charges and parking fees in certain areas.
For easy overnight charging you could install EV chargers at your home or workplace.
3) Use sustainable product packaging
Replace plastic with recycled or compostable substitutes.
Types of sustainable packing include:
- plant-based packaging
- edible packaging – made from seaweed extract
- compostable and biodegradable plastic alternatives
- plantable packaging – which is made from seeds and can be buried in soil
To reduce indirect or ‘supply chain’ emissions you need to consider what happens before and after your business provides a service or makes a product.
1) Choose greener ‘upstream’ suppliers and products
- use suppliers that measure and reduce carbon
- help your suppliers with carbon reduction projects
- buy products that take less energy to make, transport and operate
2) Reduce emissions ‘downstream’ of your business
- make products that take less energy to make, transport and operate
- reduce water consumption and waste disposal needs
- make investments in lower carbon financial products
- give incentives for lower emission activities in leased assets or franchises
3) Certify your supply chain action with PAS 2060
PAS 2060 is the internationally applicable specification to demonstrate carbon neutrality.
PAS 2060 certification can enhance your business’s performance and resilience and demonstrate your commitment to sustainability in alignment with the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
The standard process for PAS 2060 certification includes these steps:
- Assessment of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) based on accurate measurement data.
- Reduction of emissions through a target-driven carbon management plan.
- Documentation and verification through qualifying explanatory statements and public disclosure.
Through independent British Standards Institution (BSI) verification for PAS 2060, your business can demonstrate that it has met these requirements.
Sharing your progress will help employees and customers feel confident that you’re reducing carbon and moving towards net zero.
You should share your progress once you’ve done both of the following:
- worked out a benchmark of emissions
- started to take action